Haitian Lives/Global Perspectives
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This issue of Radical History Review extends the discussion of Haitian history rekindled by the earthquake of 2010 and highlights how Haiti and Haitians are inextricable from world history.
Paul Cheney reconstructs the daily life and economic fragility of a plantation in Saint-Domingue in the context of the hemisphere’s late eighteenth-century colonial wars. Lorelle Semley investigates the short but crucial period of Toussaint Louverture’s rule after the start of the revolution but before independence, scrutinizing his 1801 constitution to understand the complexities of race and gender in developing ideas of citizenship rights. Peter James Hudson examines how in the early twentieth century the US State Department’s strategic regional goals and National City Bank’s project of international market expansion overlapped in a simultaneous bid for hemispheric dominance. Jana K. Lipman explores the multiple meanings of the Krome Detention Center for Haitian immigrants and for US empire at the end of the Cold War. A. Naomi Paik focuses on legacies of HIV+ Haitian detainees at Guantánamo to demonstrate the violence of a paternalist US human rights discourse that enforced laws of exclusion.
Gary Wilder, in conversation with Laurent Dubois and Greg Grandin, reflects on the challenges of practicing politically engaged history in light of the distorted views of the past that many in the United States share about Latin American and the Caribbean. April Mayes, Yolanda C. Martín, Carlos Ulises Decena, Kiran Jayaram, and Yveline Alexis discuss a three-part workshop on Haitian-Dominican relations that examined the daunting challenge of reframing scholarly and activist debates on Haitian and Dominican knowledge production and pedagogy. Simon R. Doubleday, a historian of medieval Iberia, analyzes his experience designing and teaching a course on Haitian history inspired by his activism after the 2010 Haitian earthquake.
Leah Gordon combines oral histories with a series of photos that explore Haitian lives and politics as they depict the carnival celebration in a coastal town in southern Haiti. Jerry Philogene interrogates the intricate relationship between artistic production, memory, and cultural identity in the work of the Berlin-based, Haitian-born artist Jean-Ulrick Désert.
David Geggus and Matthew J. Smith discuss recent scholarship on revolutionary and contemporary Haitian history.
Remembrance Toussaint Losier bids us remember Jean Anil Louis-Juste: teacher, activist, scholar.