The Other 9/11: Chile, 1973—Memory, Resistance, and Democratization
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This issue of Radical History Review reflects on the legacies of Cold War violence and state terror in Latin America instantiated by the US-backed military coup against Chilean president Salvador Allende Gossens and his socialist Popular Unity government on September 11, 1973. Long before “9/11” became a catchphrase for terrorist attacks on the United States, “September 11” was associated with US support for authoritarianism. Essays explore the enduring consequences of General Augusto Pinochet’s military dictatorship (1973–90) and the continuing struggles in Chile for democracy, memory, human rights, and social justice.
Features Brian Loveman documents antidemocratic policy and human rights violations that characterized Chilean politics throughout the long twentieth century.
Reflections Angela Vergara discusses conflicts over urban housing prior to Allende’s election. Peter Winn examines workers’ lived experience of socialism. Heidi Tinsman looks at gender conflicts during the agrarian reform.
Forum Florencia E. Mallon analyzes military violence against a Mapuche community on the eve of the coup. Macarena Gómez-Barris examines the inversion of the colonial gaze in film. Luis E. Cárcamo-Huechante explores the significance of poetry to symbolic and activist space.
Reflections Steve J. Stern traces the emergence of memory as a cultural code word. Cath Collins examines human rights trials. Michael J. Lazzara explores the performance of civilian accomplices. Elizabeth Lira outlines truth and reconciliation in Magallanes. Paula T. Cronovich compares the 1988 plebiscite campaign and the film No. Alicia del Campo discusses students’ theatrical appropriation of public space.
Curated Spaces Verónica Cortínez examines the work of emblematic Chilean filmmaker Sergio Castilla.
Archives Peter Kornbluh analyzes declassified materials in the US National Security Archive related to US support for Allende’s overthrow.
Teaching Radical History Katherine Hite discusses visiting human rights memorials as opportunities for eliciting empathy and political engagement.